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they had another storm at the Agen- 
cy, extending down to Nebraska, 
covering the ground with 2 feet hail- 
stones, as had been told by different 
parties. The succeeding Monday 
some of the people made ice cream 
of the hail-stones, which had fallen 
the preceding Saturday. The much 
esteemed and zealous Father Jutz S. 
■I. Superior of Holy Rosary .Mission 
has been removed to the East whilst 
the good Father Bosch S. J. replaces 
him at Holy Rosarv Mission. 

We are most grateful for these inter- 
esting details and hope in a short time 
to receive a general account of all the 
proceedings of the last Indian Congress. 

Financial Report and Statement 
of membership of the different 
Catholic Societies attending the 
Sioux Indian Congress at Pine 


I have been waiting for ne 
the Congress and having received 
none as yet, 1 give from a friendly: 
letter I received August 1, the few 
following items: — 

'•Received vour letter, should 
have liked better to see you in per- 
son, had you come, you would have 
made pur traveling expenses. As 
for particulars regarding the Con- 
gress,— suppose those ro whom you 
addressed will send vou the items 
for publication. The visitors attend- 
ing the Congress were from 1600 to 
2000. One who counted the wagons 
told me there were 26S not counting 
Standing Rock 'people who had 116, 
Cherry Creek 129 wagons and Pine 

Ridge about 100. Ail seemed well j m«|g e Agency, July 1896. 

satisfied. The Congress came off very 
successfully and doubtlessly I 
much good and it is to be hoped will 
do more next year. Five of the Faih- 

airily annexed special 
blessings to those meetings. The 
Bishop spoke to them in a very en- 
couraging manner and. also recom- 
mended the t: B y a n p a ha" The In- 
dians have resolved, to make a peti- 
tion to the next Congress to respect 
their rights and allow the Catholics 
as well as the Protestants and heath- 
ens to have their children educated 
as they wish; the money does not be- 
long to the Whites but to the Ind- 
l the same way as the price 
paid for a pony to an Indian is his 
and the Whit-eman has no right to 
tell the Indian how to dispose of that 

Lightining struck St. Joseph's 
Church at Bear Creek the 7th inst, 
injuring the Cross on the steeple and 
a little inside. Had the Congress been 
there on the Fourth, the people 
would have been on their way home. 
One from there wrote me: "I think 
God wants to punish us because we 
are no good Catholics." 
The crops looked fair in some places 
but quite frequent and fearful hail 
storms have played havoc on them. 
In May a hail-storm broke about 
1,400 window-panes at St. Francis 
Mission Rose-Bud. The 18th of July' 

White Clay St. Joseph's 



Sept. 6, 1895 

Jeer President. 

a t iiroux, 





$52 82 


§22 00 


$17 75 


$11 04 

Cash on hand 

S2 03 

Medicine Ri ■ : j Peter Hefiakaonjinr 

St. Mary's Society Organized May '00 . Frank Naicijin Treas. 

Members .20 

Louisa Biannes, Pres. 

Eraily Montreaux, Treas. \- -A t> h o. m- i *.. . ••*• ■ 

-. Cannon Ball, St. Elizabeth's Mis 
Collected 75 1 

Congress 75 , St - Mar ^ " s Society, members 78 new 1G. 

Carrie Ispa Pres. Alma Parkins treas. 

Dear Greek 

St. Joseph's society, Members 17. 

William Randall, Pres. Peter Lerloux 
Statement not given. 

Bear Creek. 

St. Mary's saiety, 
Jessie Randall, Pies. 



members 24. 

Jennie Ledeux, 


Fort Yates 

St. Joseph's Society, members 61. 

Benedict Akieitanajin, Pros. 

Baptist Pierre, Treas. 

Collected, $157.33 

Expenses 125.43 

Cash on hand 28. 90 

St. Mary's Society, members 55, 
Jennie Cramsie, Pres. Sci 

ca Standing Soldier, Treas. 
Collected 1 


Cash on hand 

Wounded Knee." 
Yellow Owl, Pres. 

.-' bsent 



Samuel Rock, Pres. 
Aleck Monsson, Treas. 
St. Joseph's Society, Members 


Alice Monsson, Pres, 
Jennie White Cloud, Treas. 
St, Mary's Society, Members 

S3 30 

1 00 

2 30 

00 00 
00 00 

Medicine Root. 
St. Jos, society Organized May 10, 1896. 
Louis Monsson, Pres. 
Lucien Biannes, Treas, 
Members 27 

Collected $1 65 

Sick r ... 1 00 


Oak Or : 

St. Joseph's Soc'ty, Members 66, new 14. 
Eugene Hawkbear, Pres. Lcru 
beans, Treas. 

Sick and dead Sol 05 

Missionary work 105 95 

Cash on hand 28 44 

Oak Creek. 

St. Mary's society, Members 63, new 
Cecilia Grass, Pres. Frances Oyuhpe- 
win Treasurer. 

Collected 180 45 

Sick and dead 36 95 

Missionary work 129 80 

Cash on hand 13 70 

Madbear'b Camp, St. Edward's mission. 
St Joseph's Society, Members 21 

Charles Winohct.ska Pres. Prank 
Martin, Treas. 




St, Benedict's Mission, 
St. Joseph's society, members 80, new 12. 

Leo Mato Ite Pres.. Paul I ton-mi 

Sick and poor 82.45 

Missionary work & Eyanpaha (5.) 25.00 
Cash on hand 65 , 17 

Cash on hand 

151 59 
55 85 
$95 74 

Madbear's Camp. St. Edward's mission. 

St Mary's society, Members 21, now 3 

Rupina Ptemaniwin Pres. 
Aloysia Scholastica Wakapawin, treas. 
Collected $202 36 

Expenses $83 30 

Cash on hand $119 06 

Cannon Ball. St Elizabeth's Mission. 

65 St. Jos. Society, members 62. new 12. 

St. Benedict's Mission. St. Mary's So- 
ciety, members 76, new 10. 

Josephine Tallin kewastewin, Pres. 
Emma Agard, Treas. 

Collected §3181.50 

Expenses 137.65 

Cash on hand 43.85 

Grand River, St. Joseph's Society, 
members 93, new 14. 

Francis TaSunkaluza, Pres. 
Isidore Miniyo, Treas, 

Collected. 8180.54 

Festivals 110.54 

wk 70 . 00 

Grand River, St. Mary's 
members, 132, new 23. 

Antelope, Pies. 

Emma Pankeska, 




;, p UJgej 

292 . 70 

Cash on hand 


White Thunder Creek. 

St Joseph's Society, members 45 

Louis Maynard Pres. John Yellow 
Wolf, Treas. Collected $H 50 

Sick and dead 114 25 

Cash on hand .25 


Cannon Ball, St. Joseph's Society, 
members 28, new 5. Bernard 

Oyeknakbeza Pres. Alex Middle, Treas. 

Collected §99.55 Expenses69.55 

Cash on hand 30.00 

St. Mary's Society, members 55, new 1. 

Louisa McLaughlin, Pres. 
Franeisca Ramsey, Treas. 

Collected $76. 00 Expenses 5S.35 

Cash on hand 17.65 

Cheyenne Agency, 

Cherry Creek, St. Joseph's Society, 
membeis 88, new 17, 

John Hihangi, Pres. John Ta- 

tankawanbli Treas. Collected 32.00 
Festivals 7.00 Missionary work 8.00 
Congress 10.00 Cash on hand 7.00 

Rosebud, St. Francis Mission. 
St. Joseph'ssoeioty, 79, members, new 39. 
Louia Bordeaux Pres, Paul Goodvoice 

Collected $78 45 

Sick and dead 835 00 

Festivals 10 45 

Congress 14 00 

Loaned $19 00. 


2t. Mary's society, members,73, new 33 

Julia Bordeaux Pres. Susie Battle 

gown, Treas. Collected $82 95 

Sic and dead 18 50 

Missionary work * Eyanpaha 13 00 

Congress $24 45 

Festivals 5 00 

Loaned 4 00 

Cash on hand 18 00 

Cherry Creek. 
St. Mary's society, members 128, new 20. 
Annie Williams, Pres. Louisa Nar- 

cell, Treas. Collected $206 27 

Missionary work fcEyaupha ($10.) $12 47 
Sick and funerals $24 05 Festivals 40 00 
Congress 29 50 Cash on hand 70 25 

Bad River. St. Catherine's Mission. 
bt Joseph's Society, members 47 

Mazahanpa Pres. J. Strikes Treas. 

Missionary work, & Eyanpaha $13 00 
Sick »cd dead «514 50 Festivals 36 25 
Congress ] 55 '-ash <n, ha.! 

Bad River, St. Catherine's Mission. 
St Mary's society, members 47, new 3. 
Ellen Zuwila Pres. Susan Zitkaluta- 
win, Treas. Collected $57 45 

Missionary work 17 00 Festivals 10 00 
Sick 17 05 Cash on hand 13 40 

Crow Creek, Immaculate Conception. 

St. Joseph's Society, members 30, new 2. 
Eugene Wounded Knee Pres. 

Rev. Father Fintan, Treas. 
Collected $145 70 Festivals $62 40 
Sick and funerals 30 80 Congress 33 
Missionary work 5 00 Cash on hand 13 70 

Crow Creek, St. Mary's, memb. 31, 
new 3. Lila Wankiciyakapi Pies. 
Jennie Black Treas. Collected $142 85 
Expenses $47 00 Cash on hand 95 85 

Lower Brule. 
St. Joseph's Society, members 40. 
George Gika Pres. Felix Brown Treas. 
Collected $53 79 Sick and poor 23 58 
Funeral 3 00 Congress 25 00 

Cash on hand 2 21 

Lower Brule. 

St. Mary's Society, members 45. 
Katie Redsnake Pres. Emma Tiyowa- 
kanwin, Treas. 

Collected 29 45 

Expenses 1fl W 

Cash on haud 1 1 45 

White River. 

St. Jo«eph*s society. u,embersl8. 

Justin White-Feather-Tail, Pies. 
William Bordeaux, Treas. 

Collected $78.95 

Missionary work a Eyanpaha 13.00 

Sick 14.20 

Congress 46.75 

Cash on hand 5.00 

White River. 
St. Mary's society, members 37. 

Susie Helps^Them, Pres. Mary 
Bordeaux, Treas, 

Collected $35.39 

Siok and dead 10.00 

Eyanpaha 10.00 

Cash on hand .80 

White Thunder Creek. 

St. Mary's society, memb. 40. Maggie 
Ronbadieaux, Pres. Susie De- 
Soureey, Treas. 

Collected $6.65 

Sick 2.00 

Cash on hand 4.65 


From the Cmholic Tribune, ST. Joseph, Mo. 

Big Oak Creek. 
St. Joseph's society, members 23. 

Thomas Flood, PreB. James 
Look, Treas. 

Collected $9. 35 

Sick 3. 35 

Congress 5.00 

Cash on hand 1-00 


THE two assembly houses, that of the 
men and women are in a most deiapidat- 
ed condition, the rain pours in and dur 
ing the high winds & storms it is rocked 
as a ship on sea and in great danger of 
the roofs being blown off. Rev. Father 
Claude O. S. B. of Woonsocket, S. Dak. 
was the first and only one who immedi- 
ately sent me two dollars as a help to- 
wards repairing the above mentioned 
buildings to which I referred in the 
last issue. 

If there are any others who can con- 
tribute a little and send it in as soon 
as possible, no matter how small the 
offering may be, it will be most 
gveatfully received by 

Fatheu Jbbomb 0. S. B. 

Fort Totten, N. Db!:. 

Going into the Church we find every- 
thing carried on in Latin, the Mass, the 
Vespers, the funeral services; the ad- 
ministering of the sacrhinents; the lan- 
guage of the Church is not that of any 
modern people, but the tongue spoken 
by the people of the Roman Empire. 
Why do we not have it so that wo t-au 
understand it? There are good reasons 
for this. 

Latin was the language spoken by 
the ancient people of Rome, At that 
time, the Greek alone excepted, all other 
tongues were rough and barbarous com- 
pared with it. Centuries before Christ 
it had been cultivated and refined by 
Rome's most gifted sons. Virgil had 
worked on it, Horace refined it, TacitUB 
and Cassar had purified it, Cicero and 
Quintillian had delivered their orations 
and written their masterly works in it. 
The poets, the philo ophers, the orators 
and statesmen of the fairest portions of 
the world had worked to beautify that 
tongue till at length itbecamethe finest, 
the sweetest, the most beautiful, and 
the most cultivated of the languages of 
men. And is it not just and right that 
we use so cultivated and so beautiful a 
language in the praises of the Lord? 

At the time of our Lord, Rome had 

',;. hot: soldiers into n, : ■■ 
part of the known world, and her Em- 
pire streched from the Straits of Gibral- 
tar nearly to the rivers of India, and 
from the boarders of the Great Desert 
to the forests of the north of Europe 
and the bleak Highlands of Scotland. 
Everywhere they had been victorious, 
and the conquered tribes and nations 
adopted their language, till the larger 
part of of ancient Europe became near- 
ly latinized as the Romans themselves; 
and for that reason we find that the 
framework of nearly all the modern 
languages of Europe is Latin. More 
than half of our English, two thirds of the 
French, three-fourths of the Spanish, 
and nearly all of the Italian words 
are of Latin origin. Thus it became the 
mother-tongue of Europe; and is it not 
just and right that the Church, the 
civilizer of Europe, should have in her 
services that tongue which is the mother 
of all others? 

We alone go back more than 
eighteen centuries, and as a remem- 
brance of our ancient origin we keep 
that language of the Roman Empire to 
show all men that we alone came from 
that olden time of Apostles, of Martyrs 
and of Christ. For at that time the 
language spoken in Pilate's court, when 
our Lord was tried and condemned to 
death, was Latin. The inscription 
on the Cross was in the same. The sol- 
diers around the top of Calvary guard- 
ing the dying Son of God spoke Latin. 
The guard about the tomb spoke the 
same. St. Paul wrote it. The Apostles 
preached in it. Each nation oftheeivil- 


ized world at that time knew it. When 
you see the services of the Church in ' 
Latin think of her antiquity and that 
she alone of ail the things of earth goes 
back to the times of the Roman Empire, 
to the times of the Apostolic age; thus 
she has kept the Latin to teli all men 
that she came from that olden time of 

Every language spoken changes. 
From generation to generation the 
words lose their meaning, till at length 
it is a speech different from the original. 
The Latin, spoken first by the people 
of Italy, by the lapse of time has become 
the Italian; the Hebrew tongue, so pure 
in the time of the Patriarchs and Proph- 
ets, at the time of Christ had changed 
into the Syro Chaldaic; the English of 
old is no more the English of today, as 
we see by the language of the Bible 
translated in the sixteenth century, and 
the books printed in the fourteenth and 
fifteenth centuries can be read only with 
difficulty. The people of Canada differ 
in their language from the people of 
France; the people of the United States 
speak no more the exact English of their 
forefathers from England, thus, little 
by little the spoken words lose their 
meaning, take other shades different 
from that which they once had, 'rill at 
length words are no more the same as 
of old. Words are like so many vessels 
which hold the ideas, the thoughts, and 
the doctrines. While the words remain 
the same, the ideas and the doctrines 
will not change. When the words 
change, the dcetrine will soon be lost. 

by our Lord and the Apostles must be 
the same today as when first it was 
preached on Judea's hills. And to keep 
that doctrine pure and unaltered, the 
Church uses the Latin, because it is a 
dead language, so as to keep the truths 
without changing. The words that St. 
Augustine and Ambrose used in the 
fifth century, and the language of St. 
Thomas and St. Bonaventure in the 
thirteenth century, are the same today 
as then, and as they were when St. Pan I 
wrote his Epistles, and long before these 
times when the Roman soldiers went 
forth to conquer. And if the Church 
had not that one unchanging language, 
in the natural course of things, in a lit- 
tle time her doctrine and her teaching 
would change as the modern tongue 
would lose its meaniDg, she would soon 
cease to preach and teach the same to- 
day as in olden times. 

The Church is not of one nation or 
for one people, but the Son of God 
founded her to teach one doctri: 
nations composing one human race. 
Humanly speaking this would be , im- 
possible without one tongue. Soon she 
would be divided into as many religions 
as there are peoples. Each nation 
would have a Church of its own, a 
church of men instead of a Church of 
God, and they would no more be 
by one language. That has always ta- 
ken place when any nation w 
gave up the Latin and used the modern 
languages in their services, as wo see in 
the national Church of Russia, and in 
1 the established Church of England.